As a leading Canadian recycler, we accept and collect all of your recyclable material.
Copper is a reddish orange color. It is non magnetic, and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat. Its primary users are in electrical wiring and piping of plumbing application. Its also used for platting of eaves trough, printed circuit boards, and in the main ingredient in brass.
# 1 Copper Pipe
Is clean copper with little to no oxidation or corrosion. It should have no brass, solder or oil.
# 2 Copper
Is copper with solder, oxidation, corrosion, oil or thin platting. Stripped insulated wire with individual strands smaller then a paperclip is also considered # copper 2.
# 3 Copper
Generally refers to roofing copper with tar, nails and a bit shingles. It also includes lead coated copper. As well as any copper that has significant contamination.
Bare Bright is stripped copper wire. It should be bright and shinny and each individual strand should be a little thicker then a paperclip. (Dark oxidized or corroded stripped copper wire can go with regular # 1 copper)
Recyclable pieces of copper from any source. Miscellaneous, unalloyed copper scrap having a nominal 92% copper content as determined by electrolytic assay and shall consist of sheep copper, gutters, downspouts, kettles, boilers, and similar scrap.
Recycling Copper: What You Need to Know
Most of us have the tendency to see trash… and simply throw it away. The waste is then taken to landfills, covered with earth and sadly, forgotten.
Landfills across the country are running out of space and most of them are filled with items that can easily be recycled. Most consumers know about basic recycling such as paper, plastic and aluminum – but what many of us do not realize is that copper can be recycled too.
Copper and related alloys have been recycled for centuries. Copper is a reddish orange colour, is non-magnetic, and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat. Its primary users are in electrical wiring and piping of plumbing application.
It is also used for platting of eaves troughs, printed circuit boards, and is the main ingredient in brass. In fact, everyday consumer products still use copper and it is a critical component in electronics. While scrapped copper cannot be used right away, after proper preparation, companies can reuse copper to create new and different products.
What Are The Benefits of Recycling Copper?
There are numerous economic and environmental benefits to recycling scrap metals. Some of the benefits of recycling copper include:
- Limiting Impact on the Environment – During mining and refining of metals, dust and waste gases are emitted into the environment. While metal producers work hard to minimize these gases, any amount of harmful gas emitted is a cause for concern.
- Landfill Costs are Reduced – For example copper is in more products than consumers realize; from cell phones to rice cookers to steamers, and more. Copper products that are not discarded into a landfill can reduce how much waste landfills deal with each year and trim down the costs associated with running these landfills too.
- Conservation – While there is an abundance of copper resources, copper ore is considered a finite resource; therefore, it makes more sense to conserve it than mine it.
- Cheaper – It is cheaper to recycle copper than it is to extract and refine new copper ore. In fact, recycled copper is almost as high in value as recently extracted copper, but without the costs of mining and refining, which helps keep the costs of creating consumer products down.
- Saves on Energy – Recycling takes much less energy and leads to the conservation of all energy reserves (including oil, gas and coal). It also reduces how much carbon dioxide is released into the air.
Recycling copper will reduce your carbon footprint. Metal recyclers not only recycle copper products, but purchase them from those that wish to recycle, encouraging consumers even more to improve sustainability.
As a leading Canadian recycler, Manville Recycling accepts and collect all of your recyclable material. Contact us today to learn about your options for recycling your copper materials.
All You Need to Know About Copper Recycling in Toronto
Copper is commonly used in a number of building installations because it’s non-magnetic and conducts both heat and electricity. This metal is primarily used in electrical wiring, plumbing, and in some decorative elements. It is also the primary ingredient in brass so all of your brass installations and fixtures contain copper. Copper is also found in large quantities in landfills because people discard items containing copper instead of recycling them. We offer copper recycling in Toronto and can help reduce the burden on the environment.
Copper can be Recycled
Copper has been recycled and reused for centuries at an affordable cost. This metal is highly malleable, melts at around 1038°C and can be easily reshaped into a different form for reuse. Most of the impurities are removed from the metal, which restores its quality to a large extent and ensures it is suitable for other purposes.
Scrapped copper can’t be utilized immediately, but recycling companies know just how to process this metal to ensure it can be safely added to wiring, electrical components, and decorative items. Many unknowingly dump the metal in landfills because they don’t realize copper has good recycling potential and that it’s cheaper and better for the environment if it is given to companies that carry out copper recycling in Toronto.
The Economic and Environmental Impact of Recycling Copper
Recycling copper can be beneficial to the environment and provides considerable economic benefits such as:
- Recycling helps conserve copper – While this metal is available in abundance now, it is still a limited resource and the supplies will eventually dry out. Recycling copper reduces the burden on the natural resources and also reduces the cost of copper, which can have a wider impact on product prices.
- Value of recycled copper – Recycling is cheaper than extracting and refining new copper from earth. Despite this, recycled copper is almost of the same value as newly extracted metal. This means the metal provides a higher profit margin to recyclers and companies. This reduces the cost of making products from copper.
- Costs of maintaining a landfill – Copper is present in a large number of day-to-day items and this includes mobile phones. If all items containing copper are recycled, landfills don’t have to deal with as much trash, which will reduce the cost of maintenance.
- Impact of mining – Mining for new copper isn’t just expensive, but also damaging to the environment. During the process, fine dust particles, metals, and gases are released into the environment, which can cause a lot of damage. The process of copper recycling in Toronto doesn’t pollute the environment to this extent.
- Energy savings – Recycling doesn’t consume as much energy as metal extraction, which can also have an impact on the environment and help reduce the amount of pollution in it.
Recycling isn’t very complicated as all you need to do is give us a call for all copper recycling in Toronto a call and we will pick up the copper waste from your property. To view a list of everything we collect, click here.
15 Noteworthy Facts on Metal Recycling
Here’s an interesting fact: recycling one aluminum can save enough energy to run a TV for 3 hours. And while it can be a simple task to just throw your aluminum can into the recycling bin, chances are you haven’t considered the actual numbers and figures you are contributing to when it comes to scrap metal recycling. Most scrap metal is collected from old steel structures, cars, appliances, ships, railroads, factories, waste electronics and other sources that contain metal in some way. Scrap metal gets processed in factories where they melt it down to commodity grade material that is used to produce new products. There are plenty of noteworthy facts on metal recycling to discover.
Here are 15 interesting facts on metal recycling.
- Metal recycling is good for the national economy and the environment e.g. increased local employment and reduced emissions.
- Recycling 1-tonne of steel saves 1,136 kg of iron ore, 454 kg of coal and 18 kg of limestone
- You can test which metal is in your bin is by using a magnet. Aluminium metal is non-magnetic whereas steel is magnetic.
- Drink cans are generally made from aluminum while food cans are usually made from steel.
- Metal recycling helps recreate new product once the original items has reached the end of its useful life.
- Recycling scrap metals including iron and aluminum can be benefit local construction project such as roads and bridges.
- Scrap metals are refashioned for use in creating bikes, cars, aircraft and other modes of transportation.
- Scrap metals aids in storage and transportation of goods across the world with many shipping containers created from recycled metal.
- Reusing scrap metal has supported many industries to reduce their environment impact e.g. reduced mining of natural and scare resources.
- Recycled aluminum can be melted at a much lower temperature than new aluminum therefore saving on energy.
- Scrap metal recycling helps reduce Co2 emissions created through mining, transport and smelting.
- Recycling scrap metal reduces the need for landfills sites and leads to a positive effect on water supply, soil and land usage.
- Aluminum is made from a mined ore called Bauxite, which is converted into alumina, a fine white powder. This powder is then smelted at over 700°C, to become aluminum. The process is expensive and uses lots of resources including energy and fuel.
- The aluminum used in packaging is much more difficult to collect, since it is very light. It is discarded in every home, school, office, pub and restaurant without a thought so remember light metal e.g. kitchen foil.
- Scrap metal recycling is an essential part of the manufacturing industry. This includes steel, iron, and nonferrous metals like aluminum, copper and copper and lead. Using these secondary materials instead of virgin materials saves energy and reduces greenhouse gas emissions.
Can You Recycle Rusted Metals?
Rust is the common name for a chemical compound known as iron oxide. This compound forms when iron reacts with water and oxygen, presenting itself as a rough, orange-red substance. Technically speaking, only iron and alloys that contain iron can rust. Other metals, including precious metals like gold and silver, can corrode in a similar way.
What sets certain metals apart?
The duration of time it takes for certain metals to begin rusting (or corroding) is what sets these materials apart. Regardless, in almost all cases, rust is a nuisance. Not only is it unsightly, its a hindrance to functionality as well. If you allow rust to exist on a metal object for a long enough period of time, it can start to eat through the object, slowly compromising its structural integrity.
The good news, however, is rust can often be removed. Because it can be removed, rusted metal objects can usually still be recycled.
Be warned though. The more rust that eats away as a metal object, the less that object is going to weight, and the less money you’ll be able to get for recycling it.
Does Copper Rust?
Copper does not rust, however, it does corrode. Copper is naturally brown and turns a shade of bright green as it corrodes. While some consider copper’s reaction to be tarnish rather than oxidation, the metal still undergoes a similar “rusting” process.
Reducing the recycling value.
The fact of the matter is that regardless of whether or not you remove it, rust can reduce the recycling value of a metal item. For this reason, its wise to try to prevent rust from forming in the first place.
If you have metal object that are only slightly rusted, you can usually rid remove the rust in just a short amount of time. There are a number of substances that can be used to remove rust from metal. In most cases, however, its easiest to try to remove rust with a sander or grinder.
If you have have heavily-rusted items on your hands, and if you’re looking to recycle them, your best bet would be to sell them to a metal recycling company. After rust is already caked on any object, its nearly impossible to remove entirely.
However, keep in mind that a metal recycling company will be able to melt down your rusted metal objects, separating their usable parts so that they can be used for new purposes.
The 7 Types of Scrap Copper Wire
When you are looking to collect up your copper wire for the scrap yard, it is important to know how to determine the different types of copper wires before bringing it in.
Bare Bright Wire
The colour of the wire will be a faint orange/yellow and bright colour. The wire itself will have a shine to it without any oil or shellac on the outside.
#2 Copper Wire
The colour of the wires from electric motors can range from a darker burnt orange colour to reddish colour. When you see the wires next to bare bright copper wire you can see the difference.
Tin Coat Wire
Tin coat copper wire is going to be a lower price from Bare Bright Wire. It is coated in tin (silver in colour). This used in various types of cable to lower the percentage of copper for cost efficiency.
Insulated Copper Wire
This is a common type of copper wire you will normally find from electronics and appliances. Usually, it’s not worth to strip this wire for the copper inside due to the lack of recovery.
These wires are going to be the ribbon wire and also board wires from inside your computer towers. Typically scrap yards will buy these wires differently compared to the regular insulated wires because they have less copper.
Otherwise known as 10-14 gauge wire or spaghetti wire has solid copper inside. THHN is a name given that means Thermoplastic, High Heat, Nylon coated…and while that may not matter to you when scrapping, it is still a cool thing to be able to know!
Romex® wire a brand of housewire or non-metallic wire is electrical wiring commonly found in homes. Generally, you can make more money by stripping the wires to get to the copper. Housewire has two jackets covering the copper inside
Once you know the basics of types of copper, it will be easier to sort them. As you learn more, be sure to ask us here at Manville about how we sort and separate copper scrap, so you know how it’s purchased and recycled.