Get ready – because we’re about to bust your biggest recycling myths.

Recycling is – and has always been – a complex issue.

While some dub plastic shopping bags a recyclable item, others beg you not to throw them into your blue bins. In a world rife with recycling contradictions, how can we make sure we’re actually recycling what we should be recycling?

We’re about to debunk some of the most common recycling myths to make sure we’re all doing our part to keep our environment happy and healthy.

Myth 1

Products made with multiple materials can’t be recycled.

Reality: Yes, they can!

When recycling first got started decades ago, the technology and process of recycling were more limited than they are today. People were discouraged from recycling complex items or those made up of different kinds of materials, such as juice boxes or toys.

Today, however, we have machines that can break down items to their constituent materials. In addition, most manufacturers have been producing packaging that is easier to recycle. Couple that with the fact that an increasing number of recyclers are now able to deal with “less desirable” plastics like grocery bags or items made of mixed or unknown resins, and we’ve got a solution for recycling more common household items.

This doesn’t mean you can toss anything you want into a blue bin, but it does mean a wider range of products can be recycled than ever before.

Myth 2

Recycling is a scam.

Reality: Recycling is complicated but it’s getting better.

We sort our items, toss them in the blue bin, wait for them to be collected…and then what?

Since many of us don’t know what happens to our recycling after it’s picked up, it’s not surprising that skepticism might arise. Occasional news reports or gossip warn of garbage collectors tossing carefully sorted piles into the landfill or restaurant chains tossing garbage and recyclables into the same bins.  

While it’s hard to debunk this myth entirely, we can tell you that the recycling industry has been showing signs of maturing over the last few years. Every year in Canada, we throw away 3 million tonnes of plastic waste – and only 9% of that gets recycled. What’s going on here? A combination incorrect recycling, the economic benefits of sending trash to Asia, and inconsistencies in the recycling industry all play a part.

But things are improving. In Canada, for example, the government has a plan to halt landfilling of plastic garbage by 90%. As a part of this plan, the country will ban single-use plastics and work with provinces and territories to create better standards for companies that manufacture plastics. Only time will tell how effective this plan is, but in the meantime, we can all do a little bit better when it comes to recycling.

Myth 3

Recycling uses more energy than making something new.

Reality: No, it doesn’t!

While the processes involved in recycling vary based on the type of material, evidence shows that in most cases, recycling saves more energy than making products from scratch. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, recycling aluminum cans saves 95% of the energy required to make new cans from raw materials. Additionally, recycling steel and tin cans saves 60-74%, recycling paper saves 60%, and recycling plastic and glass saves 1/3 of the energy needed to make those products from raw materials.

Myth 4

All plastics can be recycled.

Reality: Not true!

If you’ve been eagerly tossing any and all plastic items into the blue bin, stop now! Always look at the triangle symbol and number on your plastic item before recycling. Most people see the triangle and assume it indicates that item is recyclable – but this symbol is NOT a recyclable symbol. If you’re unsure about what the symbols mean, check out the EPA’s handy guide that breaks down the different types of plastic and consult your local recycling provider to see what it accepts. 

All plastic can be recycle

Myth 5

Coffee cups are recyclable.

Reality: Wrong!

Unlike most paper items, paper cups can’t be recycled because they’re coated in plastic. The plastic is what allows them to hold liquid without leaking. It’s also why they can’t be broken down into pulp and turned into recycled paper. However, you can always recycle the paper sleeves and plastic lids (any colour but black) that come with them!

Always check your local recycling guidelines.

Every city, town and municipality has a different recycling program. Be sure to check local guidelines to make sure you’re doing your part!

Recycling in Toronto?

If you live in Toronto, we’re making things super easy for you! Check out the list below for items that should 100% be tossed into your blue bins:

Items Accepted in the Blue Bin

Items Accepted in the Blue Bin

  • Bottles, jars (lids on)

Rigid Plastics

  • Food jars, tubs (lids on)
  • Clear food containers/clamshells (e.g. from berries, mixed greens)
  • Disposable plates, cups
  • Beverage bottles (lids on)
  • Detergent, soap, shampoo bottles (lids/sprayers/pumps on)
  • Clear CD/DVD cases (empty; black cases are garbage)

Soft, Stretchy Plastics

  • Grocery/retail shopping bags
  • Produce/bulk food bags
  • Bread bags (non-foil)
  • Milk bags (outer bag, rinsed inner pouches)
  • Sandwich bags (including resealable)
  • Frozen fruit/vegetable bags (no stand-up pouches)
  • Over-wrap (e.g. from toilet paper, napkins, paper towels, water/soft drink cases)
  • Newspaper/flyer/magazine bags (separate paper from bag, recycle separately)
  • Dry cleaning bags
  • Diaper/feminine hygiene outer bags
  • Garden soil/manure/compost/road salt bags

Note: remove product before recycling.


  • Aluminum/steel food & beverage cans
  • Aluminum trays, burner liners, pie plates, roasting pans
  • Cookie tins
  • Aerosol cans (empty; lids on)
  • Paint cans (empty; remove lids and recycle separately)


  • Bags (without wax or plastic lining/coating)
  • Advertising mail, fine paper, envelopes
  • Newspapers, flyers, directories, magazines, catalogues (remove over-wrap, recycle separately)
  • Gift wrap, tissue paper, cards (no ribbons, bows, foil wrap)
  • Shredded paper (put in clear plastic bag, tie closed)
  • Soft/hard cover books

Note: Place pieces smaller than a business card in envelope or add to bag of shredded paper.

Paper Containers

  • Cartons and boxes (e.g. from juice, milk, soup; straws are garbage)
  • Spiral wound cans (e.g. from chips, nuts, frozen juice – place metal end in can and pinch closed; pull-off strips are garbage)


  • Boxboard (e.g. from cereal, tissue, detergent, shoe; remove liners, flatten, no freezer boxes)
  • Corrugated cardboard (unwaxed, flattened; pizza boxes must be empty; remove over-wrap from water/soft drink cases, recycle separately)
  • Rolls (e.g. from toilet paper, paper towel, wrapping paper)

Foam Polystyrene

  • Foam food and protective packaging (e.g. plates, cups, egg cartons, takeout containers, meat/fish trays; plastic wrap & absorbent pad are garbage)
  • Protective packaging (e.g. from shipping, electronics; foam packaging peanuts are garbage)


Recycling comes with a host of contradictions, myths, and scrutiny.

One thing we know for certain: recycling remains an important way to reduce litter and waste and recover valuable materials while conserving substantial amounts of energy and water.